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Rasmussen College Is Access to Health Care a Right or Privilege Discussion

Rasmussen College Is Access to Health Care a Right or Privilege Discussion

Question Description

Module 02 Written Assignment – Is Health Care a Right or Privilege?

Few would argue against the notion that health care is a servicemost Americans need. After the rollout of the Affordable Care Act(ACA), one central question that came up for national debate waswhether access to health care was a fundamental right or whether it wasa privilege.

In a 1-2 page paper, written in APA format, address the following:

  • Explain at least three (3) of the most common reasons whyall Americans don’t have access to health care in the United Stateseven after the ACA.
  • Express your opinion about whether you think access tohealth care is a right or privilege. Explain your reasoning and providereferences as needed to support your opinion.

Module 02 Course Project – Outline and References

Identify reference materials and develop an outline to help givedirection to your PowerPoint presentation. For tips on writing aneffective outline, use the College’s Online Library, which you canaccess through the Resources tab.

Your outline should address the elements described in the CourseProject Introduction (Module 01) including content for: Title slide,Body slides, and References slide.

Course Project – Introduction

Module 01 – Introduction and the History of Health Care

Project Overview

For this Course Project, you will research the U.S. health care system, applying what you have learned in this course along with outside resources. You will use your findings to construct a PowerPoint presentation that could be used to teach how the U.S. health care system began and has evolved into what it is today.

Due Date

Your final project is due in Module 05. There will be individual assignments along the way. The module they are due is noted in the time line below.

Time Line

Module

Assignment

01

Introduction

02

Outline and References

03

Rough Draft

04

Peer Review of Course Project Rough Draft

05

Final Submission

Requirements

Your PowerPoint presentation should be 10-20 slides and contain enough content to educate but not so much that it overwhelms the viewer. It should include a strong thesis statement supported by research from at least 5 different sources.

Your presentation should include the following:

  1. Title slide: title, your name, title of the course, date.
  2. Body slides addressing: introduction, origin and history of U.S. health care system, today’s health care system, Affordable Care Act, and conclusion/summary. The body of the presentation should include multiple topics. Examples might include: medical advancements, health care spending, health care costs, health insurance, medical education, professions in health care, health care settings, regulations, former policies, and current policies/laws.
  3. References slide: in APA format.

The presentation should be free of grammatical and spelling errors and should include in text citations (associated with the References slide).

Evaluation

Each assignment leading up to the final assignment is evaluated and graded independently. Your instructor will provide specific grading criteria for each step of the project prior to its due date.

Evolution of the U.S. Health Care System

Module 01 – Introduction and the History of Health Care

Health Care in the United States

Health care in the United States evolved from a simple system of home remedies and traveling doctors with little training to a complex, scientific, and technological system. The evolution of the U.S. health care system includes the acceptance of the “germ theory” as the cause of disease, professionalization of doctors, technological advancements in treating disease, the rise of great institutions of medical training and healing, and the introduction of medical insurance.

Medical schools and institutions devoted to medical research emerged. A trend toward physicians needing more training led to the Johns Hopkins University’s medical school’s requirement in 1893 that all medical students arrive with a four-year degree and spend another four years becoming a physician. Earliest efforts of doctors to create a unified professional organization started in the mid-1800s and, in 1846, the American Medical Association (AMA) was established. With little early impact on American medicine, by the next century the AMA had great influence over the politics and practice of medicine.

At the end of the 1920s, the first large medical insurance company, Blue Cross, was established. The 1930s saw rising healthcare costs and an increasing number of health insurance plans. At this time, doctors were paid by a system called “fee-for-service.” Fee-for-service was slowly being replaced by “capitation,” a system that paid doctors a set fee from which they had to care for all of their patients. U.S. government research and health institutions and programs, such as the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control, were established. The 1960s saw the initiation of social programs to aid in the medical care of the aged (Medicare) and poor (Medicaid).

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), commonly called the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or ObamaCare, was signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010. Together with the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act amendment, it represents the most significant regulatory renovation of the U.S. health care system since the enactment of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965.

Recent Changes in U.S. Health Care System

One of the biggest changes from the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is that insurance companies can no longer deny coverage to Americans with pre-existing conditions. That’s a game-changing benefit for millions of individuals and families who will find it easier and less expensive to see a doctor and get ongoing medical care.

Recent Changes in U.S. Health Care System

One of the biggest changes from the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is that insurance companies can no longer deny coverage to Americans with pre-existing conditions. That’s a game-changing benefit for millions of individuals and families who will find it easier and less expensive to see a doctor and get ongoing medical care.

Current Issues in the Health Care Industry

While extending coverage to millions of uninsured Americans remains an essential policy objective, improving patient care so as to achieve better outcomes at a lower cost is equally important. Problems such as inadequate coordination and communication among providers, misaligned incentives, and poor information management all have a negative impact on the health of patients and can drive up spending on health care unnecessarily. Many of these problems stem from fragmentation, lack of integration, and a focus on particular services rather than the holistic needs of patients, which characterize care in our health system today. Making the needed improvements will require nothing less than a transformation in how patient care is delivered.

  • Affordable Care Act (ACA): The passing and implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is the most significant, but certainly not the only, policy issue to gain national attention, from the industry and public at large.
  • Aging Population: Recent research shows that between now and the year 2030, the number of people who are 55 or older in the U.S. will almost double while the number of those 65 and older will more than double. There will be approximately 178 million older Americans, over 41% of our total population. In the near future, there will be a high demand for health professionals who are skilled in geriatric care to care for these individuals.
  • Shortage of Medical Personnel: The U.S. health care system also has a shortage of medical professionals, such as nurses. Although recruiting more nurses is an option, it is only part of the solution; more teachers are also needed to train nursing students.
  • Uninsured Americans: According to the Census Bureau, approximately 48 million Americans were uninsured as of 2012. The number of uninsured children in 2012 was 6.6 million! Many Americans live in medically underserved areas; communities with few or no health care facilities or clinicians.

Timeline of Medical Innovations and Inventions

Over the past centuries, there have been many medical advancements in health care. Below is a list of a few of these advancements:

  • Anton Van Leeuuenhoek: Microscope
  • Edward Jenner: Smallpox Vaccine
  • Forence Nightingale: Nursing
  • Clara Barton: American Red Cross
  • Wilhelm Roentegen: X-rays
  • Sir Alexander Fleming: Penicillin
  • Watson & Crick: DNA

From penicillin to aspirin, a long list of innovations and inventions have changed the health care system over past centuries. The timeline below highlights the history of medicine and the delivery of health care.


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