Select any 1 MIS Quarterly article from the attached . Post a summary of the
2. research design,
3. analysis, and
regarding the article you select.
2.) Reply for below post.(50-100 words)
The history of information technology is one of constant change punctuated by technological breakthroughs. Scholars face the challenge that technology-driven radical innovation in SFs is a highly complex phenomenon. From a technological perspective, it can be viewed as acquisition and application of new tools, platforms, and IT standards. From a product perspective, it can be viewed as embedding new functionality, application concepts, and design patterns into software artifacts. From a process perspective, it can be viewed as introducing changes in how software products are designed and implemented. In this article “A knowledge-based model of radical innovation in small software firms”, the authors adopt the lens of absorptive capacity (ACAP), defined by two dimensions—the knowledge base (consisting of knowledge diversity, depth, and linkages) and routines (consisting of sensing and experimentation)—to explain how a software firm’s knowledge endowments influence its level of radical information technology innovation during a technological breakthrough. The authors have distinguished three types of IT innovations—base, processes, and service innovation.
To validate the proposed model, the authors conducted a survey among small SFs that were engaged in innovating with Internet computing. First, the SEM-based analysis method adopted required a sufficiently large sample size, which was easier to achieve with SSFs. Second, the theoretical model best fit software organizations that developed tailored software products for external clients. Finally, two U.S.-based software associations offered the researchers access to conduct surveys among their member organizations. who almost exclusively employed no more than 100 people and two rounds of paper-based surveys were sent to people with such titles as CEO, CIO, CTO, president, chairman, owner, principal or vice president of R&D of each company and received 139 completed surveys from the 710 member firms who developed software for external clients with an acceptable response rate. Of the replying companies, 11 were omitted from our sample since they had between 132 and 75,000 employees and could not be viewed as small. The final sample included 121 valid responses from SSFs. A survey instrument was generated through a five-year field study among SSFs, and an iterative review of radical innovation, absorptive capacity, and Internet computing literature. The three factors constituting the knowledge base were conceptualized as formative constructs. This construct measured the heterogeneity of the knowledge base across an SF’s key technological areas.
ANALYSIS AND CONCLUSION
In addressing the first question, an encompassing set of knowledge factors affecting radical IT innovation, the ACAP lens was adopted to unify strands of innovation research by integrating five knowledge factors. To address the second question, the ACAP lens organized knowledge factors into a mediated model. Strong support for the mediated nature of ACAP in explaining the level of external base innovation was found. The authors validated the model through a cross-sector study that examined how 121 small software firms innovated with Internet computing and confirmed the mediated nature of ACAP for external base innovations, which are driven by all three knowledge-based factors.
Jessica, C., Kalle, L., & Gregory, L. (2012). A knowledge-based model of radical innovation in small software firms. MIS Quarterly 36(3), p865-910. DOI: 10.2307/41703484
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